Poverty is a problem that is often marginalized into absolute terms when, as a rule, it’s an entirely personal experience. Poverty exists for a slew of different reasons; therefore, it is only right that there be a number of different approaches for alleviating it. It is for this reason, among many others, that the UN has recently recommended that GDP and other generalized nominal figures be shelved in favor of other, more comprehensive measurements of a country’s prosperity. For over half a century, the approach to easing poverty in areas of the world, namely Africa, has been in the form of gross economic aid. This aid, however, is often grossly mishandled by the officials to whom it is given, usually never reaching its targeted goal. I am focusing on rural poverty, the overlooked and more intense form as compared to urban poverty. This is the issue that I have set forth to change, looking at Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe, using a bottom-up approach to account for a wide range of poverty inducing factors.
More often than not, initiatives to address poverty alleviation have come in the form of top-down measures, a process that has provided little reduction in the equity gap that exists in extremely impoverished nations. This will be accomplished through a three-step system I’ve devised that I call the “3 R’s.:” Reconstitute, Reconnect, and Reengage. The idea behind the 3 R’s is that more areas of community life will be addressed. Through Reconstitution, members of the community are made healthy at a local level using a single clinic with a minimal staff. Reconnecting brings isolated communities, either geographically or economically, together with their nation through the building of infrastructure, mainly funded by the public sector. The final stage, Reengagement, sends the community back to work, largely in agriculture. It is through these comprehensive reforms and adjustments to daily life that the equity gap that we call poverty can be lessened, and poverty, at least in Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe can become a curable disease.